SCHEMES IMPLEMENTED IN KORAPUT DISTRICT UNDER CENTRALLY SPONSORED SCHEME
NATIONAL SOIL HEALTH CARD SCHEME:
Soil Health Management (SHM) Under National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA)(w.e.f,1st April 2014) aims at promoting Integrated Nutrient Management (INM) through judicious use of chemical fertilisers including secondary and micro nutrients in conjunction with organic manures and bio-fertilisers for improving soil health and its productivity; strengthening of soil and fertiliser testing facilities to provide soil test based recommendations to farmers for improving soil fertility; ensuring quality control requirements of fertilisers, bio-fertilisers and organic fertilisers under Fertiliser Control Order, 1985; upgradation of skill and knowledge of soil testing laboratory staff, extension staff and farmers through training and demonstrations; promoting organic farming practices etc. “Soil Health Management (SHM) is one of the most important interventions under “National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture” (NMSA) with the objectives
- To make agriculture more productive, sustainable and climate resilient;
- To conserve natural resources;
- To adopt comprehensive soil health management practices;
- To optimize utilization of water resources; etc.
RASTRIYA KRUSHI VIKASH YOJANA:
In order to achieve 4 percent annual growth in the agricultural sector during the 11th plan, Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojanan was initiated in 2007 as an umbrella scheme for ensuring holistic development of agriculture and allied sectors by allowing states to choose their own agriculture and allied sector development activities as per the district/state agriculture plan.
BRINGING GREEN REVOLUTION TO EASTERN INDIA (BGREI): Objective of the scheme is to
- To increase the production and productivity of rice by adopting latest crop production technologies @ 5.00 Qntls per hact/.
- To promote cultivation in rice fallow area to increase cropping intensity and income of the farmers
- To create water harvesting structure and efficient utilization of water potential
- To promote post-harvest technology and marketing support.
PEST SURVEILLANCE UNDER RKVY:
It is a pest monitoring system in the state which will check the spread of disease, pest and the crop loss also with following objectives.
- To do surveillance in pest prone as well as in large demonstration areas including the other field crops.
- To monitor the pest by using traps and lures
- To counter the urgent pest attack by providing critical inputs.
- To train the base level workers
- To buildup season specific pest map on endemic areas.
NFSM: (NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY MISSION) :
In order to increase the production of rice by 10 million tons, wheat by 8 million tons and pulses by 2 million tons by the end of the Eleventh Plan (2011-12). The Centrally Sponsored Scheme, ‘National Food Security Mission’ (NFSM), was launched in October 2007. The Mission is being continued during 12th Five Year Plan with new targets of additional production of food grains of 25 million tons of food grains comprising of 10 million tons rice, 8 million tons of wheat, 4 million tons of pulses and 3 million tons of coarse cereals by the end of 12th Five Year Plan. The National Food Security Mission (NFSM) during the 12th Five Year Plan will have five components (i) NFSM- Rice; (ii) NFSM-Wheat; (iii) NFSM-Pulses, (iv) NFSM-Coarse cereals and (v) NFSM-Commercial Crops out of which following three component is being implemented in the district.
National Food Security Mission NFSM (Pulse): is implementing in the Koraput district since 2011 with an objectives to Increase production of pulses through area expansion and productivity enhancement in a sustainable manner in the districts. Restore soil fertility and productivity at the individual farm level and
Enhance farm level economy (i.e. farm profits) to restore confidence amongst the farmers.
National Food Security Mission (coarse cereal):
is implementing in the Koraput district since 2013 the Demonstrations will be on coarse cereal crops and coarse cereal based cropping- systems. The crops involved are maize, sorghum, barley, pearl millet, finger millet and small millets (Kudos, Barnyard, Foxtail, Proso and Little millet (Kutki). Intercropping systems such as maize + urd/ moong/ pigeon pea, sorghum + kharif pulses, pearl millet + urd/ moong/pigeon pea/moth bean/any other pulse should be selected depending on the area. Interventions being promoted under NFSM- Coarse Cereals are on improved technologies, i.e., crop-based cropping systems, cluster demonstration of quality seeds, enhancing farm efficiency through improve d agronomic practices like line sowing, soil amendments, integrated nutrient management, integrated pest management, water use efficiency tools, and support to National/International Institute etc. Proven crop production technologies developed by National Agricultural Research System are made available to the farmers through a series of planned interventions and financial incentives.
The approved rate of assistance is Rs. 5,000 per hact.
National Food Security Mission (commercial crops-Sugarcane):
The Government of India has approved under National Food Security Mission- Commercial Crops (NFSM-CC) w.e.f. 2014-15 and implemented in this district since 2016. Under this Scheme thrust has been given on transfer of technology through frontline demonstrations and training in order to extend benefits to the farmers.
PARAMPARAGAT KRISHI VIKAS YOJANA (PKVY):
Organic agriculture is a production of agricultural products free from chemicals and pesticides residues by adopting ecofriendly low cost technologies “PARAMPRAGAT KRISHI VIKAS YOJANA” is an elaborated component of Soil Health Management (SHM) of National Mission of Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA). Under PKVY, Organic farming is promoted through adoption of organic village by cluster approach and PGS certification.
THE SCHEME ENVISAGES:
Promotion of commercial organic production through certified organic farming.
The produce will be pesticide residue free and will contribute to improve the health of consumer.
It will raise farmer’s income and create potential market for traders.
It will motivate the farmers for natural resource mobilization for input production.
Groups of farmers would be motivated to take up organic farming under Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PKVY).
Fifty or more farmers will form a cluster having 50 acre land to take up the organic farming under the scheme. In this way during three years 10,000 clusters will be formed covering 5.0 lakh acre areas under organic farming.
There will be no liability on the farmers for expenditure on certification.Every farmer will be provided Rs. 20,000 per acre in three years for seed to harvesting of crops and to transport produce to the market.
Organic farming will be promoted by using traditional resources and the organic products will be linked with the market. It will increase domestic production and certification of organic produce by involving farmers
PRADHAN MANTRI FASAL BIMA YOJANA (PMFBY):
Agriculture is very much susceptible to risks and uncertainty like Drought, Dry spells, Flood, Pests and Diseases, Natural Fire, Storm, Hailstorm, Cyclone, thunderstorm & unseasonal rains during harvesting. So in order to protect the crops of farmers from natural calamities and ensure their credit eligibility for the next season, farmers are coming to the main stream of Govt. policy for availing crop insurance.
National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP):
During the last few years, the domestic consumption of edible oils has increased substantially and has touched the level of 18.90 million tonnes in 2011-12 and is likely to increase further. With per capita consumption of vegetable oils at the rate of 16 kg/year/person for a projected population of 1276 million, the total vegetable oils demand is likely to touch 20.4 million tonnes by 2017.
A substantial portion of our requirement of edible oil is met through import of palm oil from Indonesia and Malaysia. It is, therefore, necessary to exploit domestic resources to maximize production to ensure edible oil security for the country. Oil Palm is comparatively a new crop in India and is the highest vegetable oil yielding perennial crop. With quality planting materials, irrigation and proper management, there is potential of achieving 20-30 MT Fresh Fruit Bunches (FFBs) per ha after attaining the age of 5 years. Therefore, there is an urgent need to intensify efforts for area expansion under oil palm to enhance palm oil production in the country.
So in order to Achieve production of 35.51 million tones and productivity of 1328 kg/ha of oilseeds from the present average production & productivity of 28.93 million tonnes and 1081 kg/ha during the 11th Plan period respectively, a mini mission- I on Oilseeds is being implemented in the country out of which our district is a part of the mini mission.
The components of the Annual Action Plan (AAP) under MM-I on Oilseeds will be classified broadly in three categories namely Seed Components, Production Components and Transfer of Technology.
Assistance @50% of the cost limited to Rs.1200/- per quintal for varieties of oilseeds not older than 10 years.
Minikits are meant for introduction and popularization of latest released/pre-released varieties/hybrids not older than 10 years among the farmers free of cost
Plant Protection Equipment ecofriendly light-trap (NCIPM Model): For manual sprayers: Knapsack /foot operated sprayers, ecofriendly light trap (NCIPM), @ 40% of the cost of procurement subject to a ceiling of Rs. 600/- per equipment For Knapsack and Taiwan power sprayers (capacity below 16 liters) @ 50% of the cost of procurement subject to a ceiling of Rs. 3000/- per unit.
Plant Protection Chemicals/ insecticides/ fungicides/ Bio-pesticides/ Weedicides/ Bio-agents/ micronutrients etc.: Need based supply of PP chemicals, insecticides, fungicides, bio-pesticides, weedicides, bio-agents, micronutrients etc. to the farmers will be supported @ 50% of the cost limited to Rs 500/- ha.
Distribution of gypsum/pyrite/liming/dolomite/Single Super Phosphate etc. (SSP): under NMOOP for supply of gypsum/pyrite /liming/ dolomite/SSP, etc., to the farmers. Sulphur 80% WDG as alternative source of Sulphur will also be included as new component. Support to SDAs @ 50% cost of the material + transportation limited to Rs. 750/- per ha.
Supply of Nuclear Polyhedrosis Virus (NPV): To arrest the damage by helicoverpa armigera in oilseed crops like soybean etc, support will be provided to farmers for supply of NPV @ 50% of the cost limited to Rs 500/ha. Supply of Rhyzobium culture/Phosphate Solubilising Bacteria (PSB)/ Zinc Solubilising Bacteria (ZSB) / Azatobactor/ Mycorrhiza Bio-fertilizers are eco-friendly and cost effective inputs, which make available nutrients through natural process of nitrogen fixation, solubilising phosphorus and mobilising potash.
Supply of Improved farm implements:
Manually/Bullock drawn implements @ 40% of the cost limited to Rs. 8000/- per implement
Tractor driven, farm implements like Rotavator/ Seed Drill/Zero Till Seed Drill/ Multi-Crop Planter/Zero Till Multi-Crop Planter/ Ridge furrow Planter/ Raised bed planter/ Power weeder/ Groundnut digger and Multi crop threshers: @40% of the cost limited to Rs. 50000/- per unit
Distribution of Sprinkler Sets/Rain gun etc.
Pipes for carrying water from source to the field: @ 50% of the cost limited to Rs. 25/- per meter with maximum limit of unit length of 600 meters and cost of Rs. 15,000/- per farmer.
transfer of Technology:
Block Demonstrations: assistance of Rs. 7,500 per hact to conduct block demonstrations, assistance will be given to meet the expenses/cost of critical inputs like seed, seed treatment, micronutrients, organic/bio agents, organic/bio fertilizers, ecofriendly light traps (NCIPM model) etc, at the rate, as proposed in the table below:
Training of Farmers: @ Rs. 24000/training will be provided for a batch of 30 farmers for 2 days and @ Rs. 400 per participants/day will be provided to organize the trainings to the farmers.
National Mission on Agricultural Extension and Technology (NMAET):
Extension Reforms Scheme is being implemented in the district since 2006. Prior to this it was tested as pilot from 1998-2003 with the objective of strengthening the extension machinery and utilizing it for synergizing the interventions under these schemes under the umbrella of Agriculture Technology Management Agency (ATMA). Agricultural Technology, including the adoption/ promotion of critical inputs, and improved agronomic practices were being disseminated under 17 different schemes of the Department of Agriculture & Cooperation during the 11th Plan.
National Mission on Agricultural Extension and Technology (NMAET) has been envisaged as the next step towards this objective through the amalgamation of these schemes. National Mission on Agricultural Extension and Technology (NMAET) consists of 4 Sub Missions:
- Sub-Mission on Agricultural Extension (SMAE)
- Sub-Mission on Seed and Planting Material (SMSP)
- Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanization (SMAM)
- Sub-Mission on Plant Protection and Plant Quarantine (SMPP)
The aim of the Mission is to restructure & strengthen agricultural extension to enable delivery of appropriate technology and improved agronomic practices to the farmers. This is envisaged to be achieved by a judicious mix of extensive physical outreach & interactive methods of information dissemination, use of ICT, popularisation of modern and appropriate technologies, capacity building and institution strengthening to promote mechanization availability of quality seeds, plant protection etc. and encourage the aggregation of farmers into Interest Groups (FIGs) to form Farmer Producer Organizations (FPOs).
Out of which the Sub-Mission on Agricultural Extension will focus on awareness creation and enhanced use of appropriate technologies in agriculture & allied sectors. Gains made in the past will be consolidated and strengthened through increased penetration of extension functionaries. Personnel trained under Agri-Clinics and Agri-Business Centers Scheme (ACABC) and Diploma in Agriculture Extension Services for Input Dealers (DAESI) will also provide extension services to the farmers. Use of interactive and innovative methods of information dissemination like Pico projectors, low cost films, handheld devices, mobile based services, Kissan Call Centers (KCCs) etc. will be used and convergence brought among extension efforts under different programmes and schemes at village level through the institution of ATMA (Agriculture Technology Management Agency) and Block Technology Teams (BTTs).