Programmes and Schemes
Details of Programmes and Schemes:-
Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS)
ICDS was launched in 1975 with the following objectives:
- Improve the nutritional and health status of children in the age-group 0-6 years.
- Lay the foundation for proper psychological, physical and social development of the child.
- Reduce the incidence of mortality, morbidity a malnutrition.
- Achieve effective coordination of policy and implementation amongst the various departments to promote child development.
- Enhance the capability of the mother/care giver to look after the normal health and nutritional needs of the child through proper nutrition and health education.
ICDS Beneficiaries and Services
To achieve the above objectives, a package of six integrated services is provided in a comprehensive manner to meet the multi-dimensional and interrelated needs of the children. The Anganwadi Centre forms the focal point for the delivery of these services.
|Supplementary Nutrition||Children below 6 years and Pregnant Et Lactating Women||AWW|
|Immunization||Children below 6 years and Pregnant Women (PW)||ANM / MO|
|Health Checkup||Children below 6 years and Pregnant Et Lactating Women||ANM/MO/AWW|
|Referral Services||Children below 6 years and Pregnant Et Lactating Women||AWW/ANM/MO|
|Pre-School Education||Children 3-6 years||AWW|
|Nutrition & Health Education||Adolescent Girls & Women (15-45 years)||AWW/ANM/ASHA|
The District Collector heads the ICDS Co-ordination Committee which should meet every month to discuss issues related to ICDS. Sub-Collectors are the Chairpersons of ICDS who provide support and guidance through reviews. At the village level, ward members, Jaanch Committee and Mothers Committee are involved in implementation and monitoring of the various activities.
Supplementary Nutrition Programme:
In purchase of the orders of the Honorable Supreme Court in WPC 196/2001, Government of Odisha has decentralized procurement of all foodstuff except rice (which is issued by central government) to the village level throughout the state. Hot Cooked Meal. The GOI has fixed the per beneficiary cost, calorie and protein norm to be maintained across the states.
|Type||Eggs/Rasi Laddo||Entitlement of ingredients per day (gms)||Total quantity of ingredients to be used in preparation of chhatua Amount in 15 days (color coded packet)||Net quantity of Chhatua per packet (after allowing 15% processing loss)||Calorie (K. Cal)||Protein (gms)||Cost (in)|
|6 months to 3 Years||Two boiled eggs per week||16||2 Kg||1.7 Kg||631||21||6|
|Pregnant Women & lactating Mother||Two Boiled eggs per week||200||2.5 Kg||2.125 Kg||781||27||7|
|Severely Malnourished Children (6 months to 3 yrs)||Two boiled eggs per week and on packet of Rasi Ladoo of 100 gms weight once in a month||240||3 Kg||2.550 Kg||950.60||31.3||9|
|Severely Malnourished Children (3 yrs to 6 Years)||One packet of Rasi Ladoo of 100 Gms weight once in a month||80||2 Kg
Once a Month
Hot cook meal
Weighing and growth monitoring of children and counseling of mothers / caregivers by AWWs.
- Each child in the age group of 0-5 years must be weighed at least once every month and plotted in the WHO New Growth Standards register.
- If the growth trajectory is in green zone and above, the AWW must appreciate the mother/caregiver and advise her to maintain the feeding and hygienic practices which she has been following.
Health Check-up includes:-
- Ante-natal care of all pregnant women
- Post-natal care of nursing mothers and care of the new born and
- Care of children less than six years of age.
Nutrition and Health Education:
Nutrition and Health Education (NHED.) Nutrition and Health Education (NHED) forms one of the key elements of the ICDS programmes. Women in the age group of 15-45 years should be given information on their health, nutrition and developmental needs. These are imparted through counseling sessions during home visits, fixed immunization days, VHND (Mamta Diwas), mothers meetings, Gram Sabha and during the panchayat meetings in the community.
- Health Promotion of Adolescent Girls
- Ante Natal Care and Post Natal Care services for pregnant women & lactating mothers
- Promotion of Infant and Young Child Feeding practices
- Growth Monitoring of children up to 6 years
- Identification, referral and follow-up of SAM & Malnourished children
- Management of common childhood illnesses 71,1
- Family Welfare services
Counseling on Health Promotion
- To provide essential and comprehensive health and nutrition services to pregnant women, lactating mothers, children (0-5 yrs) and adolescent girls, underweight children, SAM children.
- To ensure early registration, identification and referral of high-risk children and pregnant women.
- To provide an effective platform for interaction between service providers and the community (through Gaon Kalyan Samiti or the mother’s group)
- To provide information to families on the care of mothers and children at the household and community level through discussion of various health topics (as envisaged in the Health Calendar).
- To ensure establishment of linkage between health & ICDS to promote maternal & child survival programmes
Nutrition Operation Plan:
Bring down malnutrition from current level of the children by four years.
- Underweight from 41 percent to 25 percent focusing on Scheduled Tribe with an average annual reduction of 3.5 percent.
- Stunting from 45 percent to 35 percent with an average annual reduction of 2.5 percent iii)Wasting from 20 percent to 10 percent with an average annual reduction of 2.5 percent.
Details of the Scheme:
Forms and procedure to apply :
To avail the benefits under the Scheme, a pregnant women has to register herself at the AWC/ Mini AWC to which she belongs.
- All such eligible women should open a bank account with her own name in a bank which has care banking facility.
- Most give a photo copy of the first page of the bank passbook and 2 copies of self-declaration from with two photograph & first page of MCP Card.
Whom to contact :-
Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent girls(RGSEAG)
Empowerment of Adolescent Girls (RGSEAG) SABLA The scheme aims at covering all out-of-school Adolescent Girls in the age group of 11 to 18 years who would assemble at the Anganwadi Centre on a fixed day at regular interval. The others, i.e., school-going girls, meet at the AWC at least twice a month, and more frequently (once a week) during vacations/holidays. Here they receive life skills education, nutrition and health education, awareness about socio-legal issues, etc. This provides an opportunity for mixed group interaction between school-going and out-of-school girls, motivating the latter to also join school and help the school going to receive the life skills. This scheme mainly aims at reducing the dropout rate of Adolescent Girls by increasing their literacy rate and work participation.
- Enable the Adolescent Girls for self-development and empowerment.
- Improve their nutrition and health status.
- Promote awareness about health, hygiene, nutrition, Adolescent Reproductive and Sexual Health (ARSH) and family and child care.
- Upgrade their home-based skills, life skills and tie up with National Skill Development Programmes (NSDP) for vocational skills.
- Mainstream out of school AGs into formal/non formal education.
- Provide information/guidance about existing public services such as PHC, CHC, Post Office, Bank, and Police Station.