H I S T O R Y

The Integrated Tribal Development Agency, Koraput started functioning as Integrated Tribal Development Project with effect with 4th November, 1975 to 31st March, 1979.  Consequent to its registration under Society Registration Act, 1860, it is converted into Integrated Tribal Development Agency with effect from 1st April, 1979 vide Government Notification No. 5730/T&RW, Dated 23.03.1979. 

The entire area of this Integrated Tribal Development Agency is coming within the Koraput Revenue Sub-Division.  The statistical information on the general feature of this I.T.D.A. is as follows :

1.  No. of Sub-Division
- 1
2.  No. of Tahasils - 4
3.  No. of Blocks - 9
4.  No. of N.A.Cs - 2
5.  No. of Gram Panchayats - 130
6.  No. of Villages - 1246
    A)  No. of Inhabited Villages - 1196
    B)  No. of Uninhabited Villages - 50
7.  No. of Geographical area - 5335.48 Sq. Miles.
8.  Population as per 2001 Census - 5,35,563
    a)  S.T. - 3,15,962
    b)  S.C. - 56,350
c)  Other Caste - 1,60,931
d)  Percentage of S.T. - 58.99%
e)  Percentage of S.C. - 10.52%
f)  Percentage of O.C. - 30.05%
g)  No. of Rural families (B.P.L.) - 92,450
h)  Percentage of Literacy - 18.20%
i)  No. of A.R.C.S. - 1
j)  No. of LAMPs - 13
k)  No. of R.M.C. - 1
     
9.   EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS OF WELFARE DEPARTMENT
a)  No. of Model Residential School - 1
b)  No.  of Boys’ High Schools - 10
c)  No. of Girls’ High Schools - 5
d)  No. of Ashram Schools - 4
e)  No. of Primary School Hostels - 112
f)  No. of Residential Sevashrams - 9
     I)  In educational Department Schools - 73
    II) In Welfare Department Schools - 39
f)  No. of Sevashrams - 63
     I)  No. of Sevashrams having P.S.H.s - 39
    II) No. of Sevashrams having no P.S.Hs - 24
   III) No. of 40-Seated KBK Hostels  - 63
     
10.  BANK FACILITIES    
a)  State Bank of India - 9
b)  Bank of India - 1
c)  K.P.G. Bank - 17
d)  Allahabad Bank - 2
e)  K.C.C. Bank - 3
f)  Indian Bank - 1
g)  Indian Overseas Bank - 2
11.  LAND USE PATTERN    
a)  Cultivable area - 1,57,321 Ha.
b)  Cultivated area - 1,40,804 Ha.
c)  Total Paddy Land - 23,989 Ha.
d)  Total Dangar Land - 1,16,906 Ha.

 The Scheduled Tribes like Paraja, Gadaba and Kandha are numerically important in this I.T.D.A. area.  The Tribal Sub-Plan strategy has two folds namely (i)  economic development of the Scheduled Tribes and their habits and  (ii)  Protection of tribals against exploitation.