NRHM PROGRAMS HEALTH UNITS
The Government of India has launched NRHM on 12th April 2005;with objective to provide integrated comprehensive and effective primary health care to the under privileged and vulnerable sections of the society especially women and children by improving access, availability and quality of public health services. The key strategies of the mission include: ensure intra and intersect oral convergence, strengthening public health infrastructure, increasing community participation, creating a village level health cader of health workers fostering public private partnerships, emphasizing quality services and enhanced Programme management inputs The mission aims at increasing the outreach of the health system from the sub-center level by providing a trained and Accredited Social Health Activist per thousand population as in Anganwadi set up.
DISTRICT OVERVIEW: Koraput has been identified as the key focus district with low human development indicators. According to the Census 2001, Koraput continues to have low literacy rate with 47.20% males and 24.26 % females categorized as literates. The access to basic services is poor. In the District only 6.06% of the total deliveries are institutional and untrained personnel conduct a high proportion of deliveries. Over half (56 %) of the children below three years are undernourished with peaking sign of under-nutrition between 12-23 months. In this age group 62% suffer from malnutrition (Multi Indicator Cluster Survey-MICS-2001) Maternal malnutrition, low birth weight babies, unsafe headlining practice, absence of sanitation facilities and poor personal hygiene practice coupled with poor economic condition and livelihood insecurity contribute to unhealthy living conditions leading to high Infant Mortality rates and high level of malnutrition in the district.