Livestock is an important component of agriculture sector in countries all over the world. Apart from an important contributor to national income, the sector has been considered as one with high potential for alleviating poverty and unemployment in rural areas. About three-fourth of India's population and almost three out of four poor in India live in rural areas, and over 70% of rural households on livestock own livestock. A large majority of livestock owners comprise of small and marginal farmers and landless households.
The livestock rearing pattern in Koraput district is also a replica of national picture. With the rapid growth of population in Koraput district, there is an increasing demand for the livestock products. The value of livestock output has grown and there are expectations of even faster growth in demand for livestock products due to expectations of rising incomes with swelling population.
At present people in rural & semi-urban areas do rear different species of livestock, but the profit margin in majority of the cases are below the desired level due to low productivity. Low productivity of the livestock may be due to traditional system of rearing, low capacity to invest and un-organized market for the livestock products. One of the great challenges faced by the Animal Husbandry department in Koraput District is to encourage production of sufficient livestock products to satisfy the demand of the growing population. Above mission can be achieved with the active support from other allied Departments, District administration, financial institutions, NGOs, PRIs and people thereby:
- Improve the per capita consumption of animal protein
- Generate self-employment & income
- Discourage movement of rural youth to urban areas
- Optimal land-use
This sectoral plan document aims to focus on Dairy development, Sheep/Goat development, Poultry development and Pig development in a phased manner for a period of ten years.
There are many SHGs operating in the district. The interested groups can avail the opportunity of any of the livestock species depending on their expertise, availability of natural resources, financial capability & assistance, marketing facility etc. Educated un-employed youths and people living under BPL, Tribal and other socially marginalized people can improve their livelihood system through different AH schemes. The concept of offering assistance to groups instead of individuals in all the proposed development programmes (Dairy, Sheep, Goat, Pig & Poultry) in the form of capacity building and assets shall help them to rear livestock in an improved method and explore the potential markets to increase income.